FDC predicts 2.6% GDP growth for Nigeria in Q2
Chief Executive Officer of Financial Derivatives Company, Bismarck Rewane
Financial Derivatives Company Limited has said the Nigerian economy is expected to grow by 2.6 per cent in the second quarter of this year, up from 0.51 per cent in Q1.
Analysts at Lagos-based FDC, led by an economic expert, Mr Bismarck Rewane, said the expansion of the GDP growth data coupled with falling inflation could lead to the Monetary Policy Committee leaving its interest rates unchanged at its September meeting.
“Nigeria’s Q2 2021 GDP growth numbers will be released on August 26 and we estimate a growth rate of 2.6 per cent,” they said in a new report.
They said with less than 570 days to the 2023 elections, an assessment of the Nigerian government’s scorecard, with respect to achieving its broad macroeconomic goals, revealed “under-performance amid half-hearted and belated efforts at economic reform”.
It said, “While reforms have not been helped by the COVID-induced disruption and delays in implementation, fears are rife that the government may be switching gears firmly into campaign mode as the elections draw ever closer.
“The goal is to achieve real GDP growth that outperforms potential GDP growth rate (8.3 per cent in 2021) and outpaces the population growth rate (3.2 per cent). The reality is that real GDP growth has eight consistently underperformed potential GDP, and as such, the recessionary gap is widening.”
Citing data from the United Nations, FDC said Nigeria was the poverty capital of the world as of 2019 (40.1 per cent) with the fourth lowest life expectancy globally (2019: 53.8 years).
The analysts said, “The short-term outlook for the Nigerian economy is benign on most fronts. Output will benefit from the base effects of the slump in 2020, increased vaccinations and higher oil prices and production.
“Headline inflation is likely to decline further in Q3’21 as we enter the harvest season, while the external imbalance problem is expected to ease on higher oil receipts and increased remittances as advanced economies recover. This will also ensure forex supply to manufacturers and other importers.”
According to the report, the policymaking dilemma is that overcoming the macroeconomic challenges requires biting the bullet and confronting several hard and unpopular choices which are often politically inexpedient.
It said, “For Nigeria to bridge the recessionary gap and attain a long-term GDP growth trajectory that is both sustainable and job-creating, the timing and pace of economic reform are crucial and cannot be politicised.
“The subsidies in the Nigerian economy have to be tackled. The most notable are the ones on forex, fertilizers, petrol, electricity and the money market.
“While the move to market-determined rates has been somewhat reluctant and has been met with resistance, it is necessary for the creation of economic incentives and investor confidence. Only this has the capacity to propel Nigeria to an accelerated GDP growth path.”