Many people do not know, however, the kiss can transmit several diseases that, in most cases, are infections by viruses, bacteria and fungi passed through saliva or droplets of saliva. Usually these diseases have a short duration and are cured on their own, but in some people they generate complications such as infection problems to other parts of the body and may even reach the brain.

Kissing several people is an attitude commonly observed among young people. Even though it may be a harmless act, it is capable of exposing us to several problems, some extremely serious, such as mononucleosis, herpes and mumps. And it is at this time that the incidence of saliva-transmitted diseases and infections increases.

To avoid these diseases, you should avoid intimate contact and kissing with unknown people or people you don’t trust, because in most cases you can’t tell if the person is ill or not and how their state of health and current immunity are. Besides, it is very important to have a dental plan to monitor oral health. The main diseases that can be transmitted by kissing are:

1. Mononucleosis

This disease is commonly known as the “kissing disease” and is caused by the Epstein-Barr virus. The symptoms present in this disease are: fever, pharyngitis and lymph nodes enlargement, besides being able to cause abdominal pain, hepatomegaly, spots on the body, vomiting and coughing or even the death of the patient. Treatment is done by resting, increasing fluid intake and taking medicines to control symptoms such as analgesics and antipyretics.

2. Labial herpes

Caused by the herpes simplex virus, it can affect the lips through contact with the saliva of people with this virus and cause sores on the lip. The symptoms are pain, tingling, fever, malaise, itching, local burning, and later blisters appear that form wounds and eliminate secretion.

These lesions last for about 7 to 14 days, but whenever immunity drops, new lesions may appear, which means there is no cure. Treatment requires the use of antiviral ointments that help reduce the multiplication of the virus and some tablets.

3. Flu and colds

The virus that causes the flu is the Influenza type, while the cold can be caused by several types of viruses such as rhinovirus and coronavirus, which can also be transmitted by kissing. The main symptoms are: fever, body pain, headache, sore throat, runny nose and dry cough. The treatment is performed through medication such as dipyrone and paracetamol, rest, hydration and a regulated diet to strengthen immunity.

4. Chicken Pox

Chickenpox is an infectious and contagious disease caused by the Varicella-Zoster virus. It usually occurs in children, but it can also happen in adults who never had it or who were not vaccinated. The contamination is done through saliva and the main characteristic is lesions accompanied by itching, body pain, fever and tiredness.Treatment can be done with rest, hydration, pain and fever medication.

5. Mumps

Mumps is an acute contagious infectious viral disease and can be transmitted by droplets of saliva, leading to inflammation of the salivary and sublingual glands. The main symptoms are swelling and pain in the jaw area, pain when chewing and swallowing, fever, headache, fatigue, weakness and loss of appetite.

For effective treatment one should administer medicines for pain, fever and nausea. This disease can be prevented with the triple viral or tetra viral vaccine.

6. Syphilis

Syphilis is an infection that can also be transmitted through saliva in people who have small wounds in the mouth. The first symptoms are localized lesions in the mouth that can spread through the body, causing brain, heart and bone lesions.

The treatment is performed through the injectable antibiotic penicillin, with no vaccines or immunity against this disease, that is, it should be avoided with intimate contact with strangers.

There are several health problems that are passed on through saliva, such as caries, tuberculosis, rubella, meningitis…. Therefore, care should be taken every day through habits such as, for example, washing hands, avoiding putting your hands in your mouth and eyes, avoiding sharing cutlery and, mainly, not kissing anyone. Parties, such as Carnival, mix sun, alcoholic drinks and physical exhaustion, which can decrease immunity.

How to avoid this?

To enjoy the parties in good health one should always pay attention to some points:

– Floss and brush your teeth after every meal;

– Drink a lot of water;

– Do not exaggerate on sweets and alcohol;

– Always visit the dentist and have your teeth cleaned;

– And remember that, at parties and in life, “no” is “no”.

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